DIABETES

 

 Diabetes

Getting a check up with your Doctor

Every Year people go to the Doctor and are diagnosed
with Diabetes. The year 2000 data suggest that worldwide over 147 million people have been diagnosed with this deadly disease. Yes it is deadly, and we will cover that in later blogs. For now lets take a look at the different categories or types of this disease.

So what is this disease that plagues so many?

 

Diabetes mellitus, often simply
referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic diseases in which a
person has high blood sugar, either because the body does not produce enough
insulin, or because cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced. This
high blood sugar produces the classical symptoms of polyuria(frequent
urination), polodipsia(increased thirst) and polyphagia (increased hunger).

There are three
main types of diabetes:

Type 1 Diabetes:
results from the body’s failure to produce insulin, and presently requires the
person to inject insulin. (Also referred to as insulin-dependent
diabetes mellitus, IDDM for short, and juvenile diabetes.)

Type 2 Diabetes:
results from insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to use insulin
properly, sometimes combined with an absolute insulin deficiency. (Formerly
referred to as non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, NIDDM for
short, and adult-onset diabetes.)

Gestational
Diabetes: is when pregnant women, who have never had diabetes before, have a
high blood glucose level during pregnancy. It may precede development of type 2
DM.

Diabetes
mellitus is characterized by recurrent or persistent hyperglycemia, and is
diagnosed by demonstrating any one of the following:

  • Fasting plasma glucose level ≥ 7.0 mmol/L (126 mg/dL).
  • Plasma Glucose ≥ 11.1 mmol/L (200 mg/dL) two hours after
    a 75 g oral glucose load as in a glucose tolerance test.
  • Symptoms of hyperglycemia and casual plasma glucose ≥
    11.1 mmol/L (200 mg/dL).
  • Glycated Hemoglobin (Hb A1C) ≥ 6.5%.

A positive result, in the absence of unequivocal hyperglycemia, should be confirmed by a repeat of any of the above-listed methods on a different day. It is preferable to measure a fasting glucose level because of the ease of measurement and the considerable time commitment of formal glucose tolerance testing, which takes two hours to complete and offers no prognostic advantage over the fasting test.
According to the current definition, two fasting glucose measurements above 126
mg/dL (7.0 mmol/L) is considered diagnostic for diabetes mellitus.

People with
fasting glucose levels from 100 to 125 mg/dL (5.6 to 6.9 mmol/L) are considered
to have impaired glucose fasting glucose. Patients with plasma glucose at or
above 140 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L), but not over 200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L), two hours
after a 75 g oral glucose load are considered to have impaired glucose
tolerance. Of these two pre-diabetic states, the latter in particular is a
major risk factor for progression to full-blown diabetes mellitus as well as
cardiovascular disease. Advancements have been made for people diagnosed with this disease to make improvements in their lives. By using feedback from diabetic testing meters and diabetic test strips. The test results after intake of foods can steer the user to better food groups that lower the impact of damage from this disease. Diabetic testing strips are easy to use and give quick results. If for some reason you have changed to a different test meter or just have any other number of situations that cause you to have additional boxes of test strips. You just might benefit by visiting our home page, you might just get a big handful of dollars in return for doing so! Also! We love referrals! Please feel free to forward our web site address to other family or friends, co-workers and the such. Thank you for reading our blog and please stay tuned for further information on this subject!

Most of all be healthy!

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